History of Peñas de San Pedro
The origins of this village are very ancient, we can even talk of the carthagines period. In the 12th century, it was reconquered and became a christian jurisdiction of the king Alfonso VIII and so, frontier with the muslim kingdom of Murcia.
In the old times the village was located inside the walls of the fortress(“the castle”),which meant that the village was impregnable, but as the muslim frontiers were moving away, new houses were built outside the walls and finally in the XVIIIth century, the whole village was located at the foot of the fortress.In the XIVth century,the village of Alcaraz helped to increase the population of Peñas de San Pedro and it didn´t reach its autonomy till the reign of Carlos I.
Although in the XVIIIth century there were still people living on the top of the rock or fortress and the church was still standing, nearly all the population had already descended to live at the foot of the castle.The new church, town hall and “el pilar”(drinking fountain which has its spring below the castle) were built during this period.
In 1836, during the first carlista war, the castle was occupied by general Cabrera´s troops. It was during this time that a wall around the village was built to defend the population. Today, there are still remaining rests of this wall. Some years later, as a consequence of the National Confiscation, the castle became private.